Ajman is the smallest emirate. Its population is about 262,186 as of 2011. Its GDP at current prices in 2013 was AED 16,441 million.
Ajman is the smallest of the seven emirates measuring about 259sq. km. which is about 0.3 per cent of the UAE's area without the islands. Ajman has a few sandy beaches but is mainly characterised by the rugged Hajjar mountain range. Although Ajman city is modern and provides up-to-date services and facilities, it reflects its traditional charm.
The census book 'Ajman in Figures 2011' issued by the Secretariat General of the Executive Council of the emirate of Ajman estimated the population at about 262,186. 16 per cent of them are Emiratis.
According to Federal Competitiveness and Statistics Authority, the estimated population of UAE nationals as of 2010 in the emirate of Ajman was:
Location and geography
Ajman lies on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, in the northern part of the UAE. It is 16 km. long and lies between the emirates of Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain.
Ajman city - It comprises the Ruler's office, companies, banks and commercial markets in addition to the Ajman port, which is located on the natural valley, which passes through the city.
Al Manamah city - It is about 60km. from Ajman and is known for its valleys and high mountains, which are rich in magnesium, chromate and rocks.
Masfout city - It is about 110km. to the southeast and is known for agriculture, mountains such as Dafta and Leshan, and wide valleys such as Ghalfa.
According to Ajman Annual Economic Report 2014, the economy of the emirate of Ajman grew by 5 per cent as GDP at current market prices increased from AED15,690 million in 2012 to AED16,441 million in 2013.
The contribution of the various economic sectors to the realised growth tend to vary. The construction, real estate and business services and financial corporation sectors grew at a rate of 8 per cent in 2013 compared to 2012, which was higher than the average growth in the emirate.
In addition, the wholesale and retail trade and repairing services' sector grew at a rate of 6 per cent in 2013 as compared to 2012.
Culture and heritage
Ajman Fort is one of the country's historic landmarks. It dates back to the 18th century and shows life in different eras.
The fort has been restored and transformed into a museum. It contains archaeological samples that show people's possessions, industries, traditional professions as well as images from their old social life.
In 2014, Ajman unveiled Ajman Vision 2021. According to the plan, the emirate's development will be centred on four pillars:
1. creating a happy society
2. building a green economy
3. promoting governmental excellence
4. spirit of the union.
The magical beaches of Ajman with their fresh air, peaceful environment and clean water provide various marine activities that attract many sea lovers.
The ruling family
The Al Nuaimi tribe, who migrated to the region around 1775, formed Ajman. The first recognition of Ajman as an autonomous state came in 1820.
Ajman is ruled by H. H. Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashid Al Nuaimi. As the 10th ruler of the emirate of Ajman, he succeeded his late father H. H. Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi on 6 September 1981.
The reign of late Sheikh Rashid Bin Al Nuaimi lasted 53 years, from 1928 to 1981.
Sheik Humaid received his early education in Dubai in 1940 before proceeding to Cairo, Egypt, to continue his higher education. Soon after, he became involved in the political affairs of the emirate and became the Deputy Ruler of Ajman. He held this position from 1960 to 1981. H. H. is considered the founder of the new emirate of Ajman.
Places to visit:
Ajman Museum is the emirate’s foremost museum illustrating life as it once was. The 18th-century fort served as the ruler’s residence until 1970, before it was converted into a museum a decade later.
You’ll find the museum on the east side of the central square in the Al Bustan area. The museum opens from Saturday - Thursday (8:00am - 8:00pm), and on Friday (2:30 pm - 8:00 pm) and displays are annotated in both Arabic and English.
Masfout is a village that forms part of the eponymous exclave of Masfout in Ajman, one of the seven emirates forming the United Arab Emirates. It is surrounded by Ras Al Khaimah, the Dubai exclave of Hatta and Oman (Mahdha Wilayat of Al Buraimi Governorate). It is only accessible from Ajman itself by crossing territories of Sharjah, Ras Al Khaimah, and Oman.
Commissioned by the late Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi in 1961, Masfout Gate has two stone pillars connected by a sign featuring Arabic script. The sign greets visitors as they enter the city and bids them farewell as they leave.
Masfout is an easy 90-minute drive from Ajman city. Take Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Street out of the city, turn right onto Emirates Road and then follow the Sharjah-Kalba Road to Masfout.
The Red Fort
Earning its name from the gravel and red plaster were used in the construction of the walls The Red Fort, consists of four rooms and two towers. Originally built during the time of Sheikh Humaid bin Abdul Aziz Al Nuaimi, a complete restoration of the fort was carried out in 1986 on the instruction from HH Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimia when a third tower joined the two older ones. The fort is completely surrounded by trees, while a picturesque well close to the building provides drinking water.