Fujairah is the only emirate that is located completely on the eastern coast of the UAE. Its population was 202,667 as of 2014. Its economy is based on fishing and agriculture.

About Fujairah

Fujairah is the only emirate that is located completely on the eastern coast of the UAE along the Gulf of Oman. The shores of Fujairah extend along the Gulf of Oman for about 70km. from the city of Fujairah in the south to the town of Dibba in the far north. The total area of the emirate of Fujairah is 1,450 sq. km.


Population of Fujairah reached 202,667 according to the Statistical Yearbook of 2014.

According to Federal Competitiveness and Statistics Authority, the estimated population of UAE nationals as of 2010 in the emirate of Fujairah was:

Males: 32,486

Females: 32,374

Total: 64,860

Location and geography

It shares its boundaries with the emirates of Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah on the west and the emirate of Sharjah to the south. On the north, it shares its international border with the Sultanate of Oman.


Fujairah's economy is based on fishing and agriculture. Its land is irrigated by rainwater from the Hajjar mountains.

Due to its strategic position, it is the UAE's only access to the Indian Ocean. It operates a multipurpose port that offers access to major shipping routes of the world making it home to the world's largest livestock shipping companies.

Other local industries include mining and stone crushing which have benefited from the recent boom in construction in Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

The Fujairah Free Zone, surrounding the port of Fujairah, promotes foreign investment in banking and trade. The emirate's GPD reached AED14,093 million in 2014.

In 2015, Fujairah launched 'Fujairah Plan 2040'. The plan includes the development of Fujairah port by adding new terminals for oil, marine services, dry bulk and containers with an anchorage area, along with the expansion of Fujairah airport apron and runway and the relocation of the cargo terminal and airport.

Touristic attractions

Fujairah is distinguished with its rugged mountains, valleys, waterfalls, oases and wide sandy beaches. It has several hot, cold and mineral springs.

Because of its easterly location, Fujairah's climate is more moderate than that of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. Weekend visitors looking to escape the heat are drawn to Fujairah's relaxed and peaceful atmosphere.

Wadi Al Wurayah waterfalls and Ain Al Madhab Gardens are major touristic attractions. And so are the historic Al Bidya Mosque and the Heritage Village.

The ruling family

Fujairah's modern history began in 1808 when Sheikh Mohammed bin Mattar, leader of the Al Sharqi tribe built his castle and the old city surrounding it. The current Ruler of Fujairah is H. H. Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi.

Places to visit:

Wadi Al Wurayah waterfalls

Wadi Wurayah is a 12,700 hectares (31,000 acres) area between the towns of Masafi, Khor ... Famous for its scenic waterfall set amid the Hajar Mountains, Wadi Wurayah is recommended as a must-see in UAE ... The wadi is also home to the Garra barreimiae, a type of freshwater fish that lives only in Al Hajar Mountains.

Ain Al Madhab Gardens

Madhab Spring Park is a park, mineral spring, and tourist attraction located close to Fujairah Heritage Village, northwest of Fujairah City, Emirate of Fujairah.
The park is located under the foothills of the Hajar Mountains, inland of Fujairah City. It has grass and trees, under which it is possible to picnic. The source of the mineral spring is on the edge of the park, feeding two swimming pools. The park is open daily. The park covers 39,000 square metres and was upgraded in 2016.

Al Bidya Mosque

The mosque's date of construction is uncertain and because the mud and stone built structure uses no wood, radiocarbon dating is not possible. It is estimated to date to the 15th century, however some much earlier estimates have been proposed. The site was investigated by the archaeological center of Fujairah in co-operation with the University of Sydney from 1997-98. and Fujairah Archaeology and Heritage Department came up with the conclusion that the mosque was believed to be built in 1446 AD.